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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 19-23, 2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed
under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Research article
08 Jan 2013
Time scale of the largest imaginable magnetic storm
V. M. Vasyliūnas Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, 37191 Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany
Abstract. The depression of the horizontal magnetic field at Earth's equator for the largest imaginable magnetic storm has been estimated (Vasyliūnas, 2011a) as −Dst ~ 2500 nT, from the assumption that the total pressure in the magnetosphere (plasma plus magnetic field perturbation) is limited, in order of magnitude, by the minimum pressure of Earth's dipole field at the location of each flux tube. The obvious related question is how long it would take the solar wind to supply the energy content of this largest storm. The maximum rate of energy input from the solar wind to the magnetosphere can be evaluated on the basis either of magnetotail stress balance or of polar cap potential saturation, giving an estimate of the time required to build up the largest storm, which (for solar-wind and magnetospheric parameter values typical of observed superstorms) is roughly between ~2 and ~6 h.

Citation: Vasyliūnas, V. M.: Time scale of the largest imaginable magnetic storm, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 19-23, doi:10.5194/npg-20-19-2013, 2013.
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