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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 1, issue 1
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 1, 51-56, 1994
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-1-51-1994
© Author(s) 1994. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.

Special issue: Including papers presented at the AGU Chapman Conference on...

Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 1, 51-56, 1994
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-1-51-1994
© Author(s) 1994. This work is licensed under
the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.

  31 Mar 1994

31 Mar 1994

Nonlinear dynamics of wind waves: multifractal phase/time effects

R. H. Mellen1,2 and I. A. Leykin1 R. H. Mellen and I. A. Leykin
  • 1Marine Sciences Institute, University of Connecticut, Groton CT 06340, USA
  • 2Kildare Corp., 95 Trumbull St., New London CT 06320, USA

Abstract. In addition to the bispectral coherence method, phase/time analysis of analytic signals is another promising avenue for the investigation of phase effects in wind waves. Frequency spectra of phase fluctuations obtained from both sea and laboratory experiments follow an F power law over several decades, suggesting that a fractal description is appropriate. However, many similar natural phenomena have been shown to be multifractal. Universal multifractals are quantified by two additional parameters: the Lévy index 0 < α < 2 for the type of multifractal and the co-dimension 0 < C1 < 1 for intermittence. The three parameters are a full statistical measure the nonlinear dynamics. Analysis of laboratory flume data is reported here and the results indicate that the phase fluctuations are 'hard multifractal' (α > 1). The actual estimate is close to the limiting value α = 2,  which is consistent with Kolmogorov's lognormal model for turbulent fluctuations. Implications for radar and sonar backscattering from the sea surface are briefly considered.

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