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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union

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Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 15, 803-813, 2008
© Author(s) 2008. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
03 Nov 2008
Limitations of wind power availability over Europe: a conceptual study
P. Kiss1 and I. M. Jánosi1,2 1Department of Physics of Complex Systems, Roland Eötvös University, Pázmány Péter sétány 1, 1117 Budapest, Hungary
2Institute for Mathematics and its Applications, University of Minnesota, 207 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55 455, USA
Abstract. Wind field statistics are evaluated from the ERA-40 data bank covering a period of 44 years with a temporal resolution of 6 h. Instantaneous wind speed values are provided in geographic cells of size 1°×1° (lat/long) for surface (10 m) and 1000 hPa pressure heights. Potential wind power generation is estimated in two steps. Firstly, the wind speed at hub height is approximated from surface data based on the statistical analysis of the wind and geopotential records for 1000 hPa pressure level. Secondly, the wind speed values are transformed by an idealised power curve fitted for measured data. The model time series are fed into various hypothetical electric networks. The main quantity of interest is the aggregated output from the networks. A reference power time series is determined for a static network connecting each continental site and an envelope of 1° around the shorelines (representing off-shore locations) over Europe. This time series exhibits a low average value and a marked annual periodicity. Wind power integration over limited areas results in higher average outputs at the expense of stronger fluctuations. The long-range spatial correlations of the wind field limit the level of fluctuations strongly which can not be eliminated either by an increase of the area of integration or by dynamic control. This study is fully conceptual, however it demonstrates the limitations of wind power integration over Europe.

Citation: Kiss, P. and Jánosi, I. M.: Limitations of wind power availability over Europe: a conceptual study, Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 15, 803-813,, 2008.
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