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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 18, issue 2
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 18, 251–260, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-18-251-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 18, 251–260, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-18-251-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 01 Apr 2011

Research article | 01 Apr 2011

Northern Hemisphere patterns of phase coherence between solar/geomagnetic activity and NCEP/NCAR and ERA40 near-surface air temperature in period 7–8 years oscillatory modes

M. Paluš1 and D. Novotná2 M. Paluš and D. Novotná
  • 1Institute of Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Pod vodárenskou věží 2, 182 07 Prague 8, Czech Republic
  • 2Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Boční II/1401, 141 31 Prague 4, Czech Republic

Abstract. Beginning from the 1950's, Paluš and Novotná (2009) observed statistically significant phase coherence among oscillatory modes with the period of approximately 7–8 years detected in monthly time series of sunspot numbers, geomagnetic activity aa index, North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index and near-surface air temperature from several mid-latitude European stations. Focusing on geographical distribution of the phenomenon we study Northern Hemisphere patterns of phase coherence between solar/geomagnetic activity and NCEP/NCAR and ERA40 near-surface air temperature. Both the reanalysis datasets provide consistent patterns of areas with marked phase coupling between solar/geomagnetic activity and climate variability observed in continuous monthly data, independent of the season, however, confined to the temporal scale related to the oscillatory periods about 7–8 years.

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