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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 18, issue 4
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 18, 477–487, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-18-477-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 18, 477–487, 2011
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-18-477-2011
© Author(s) 2011. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 18 Jul 2011

Research article | 18 Jul 2011

Weighted complex networks applied to seismicity: the Itoiz dam (Northern Spain)

A. Jiménez and F. Luzón A. Jiménez and F. Luzón
  • Department of Applied Physics, University of Almería, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, Cañada de San Urbano, 04120, Almería, Spain

Abstract. On 18 September 2004, an earthquake of magnitude mbLg = 4.6 was recorded near the Itoiz dam (Northern Spain). It occurred after the first impoundment of the reservoir and has been catalogued by some authors as induced seismicity. We analyzed the seismicity in the region as weighted complex networks and tried to differentiate this event from others that occurred nearby. We calculated the main topological features of the networks formed by the seismic clusters and compared them. We compared the results with a series of simulations, and showed that the clusters were better modelled with the Epidemic-Type Aftershock Sequence (ETAS) model than with random models. We found that the properties of the different clusters are grouped according to the magnitude of the main shocks and the number of events in each cluster, and that no distinct feature could be obtained for the 18 September 2004 series. We found that the nodes with the highest strength are the most important in the networks' traffic, and are associated with the events with the highest magnitude within the clusters.

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