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Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 20, issue 6
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 1079–1094, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-20-1079-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 20, 1079–1094, 2013
https://doi.org/10.5194/npg-20-1079-2013
© Author(s) 2013. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Research article 09 Dec 2013

Research article | 09 Dec 2013

Scaling properties of rainfall and desert dust in the Canary Islands

I. Peñate1, J. M. Martín-González2, G. Rodríguez2, and A. Cianca2 I. Peñate et al.
  • 1Agencia Estatal de Meteorología, Delegación Territorial en Canarias, C/ Historiador Fernando de Armas, 12, 35017, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
  • 2Departamento de Física, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

Abstract. Precipitation and desert dust event occurrence time series measured in the Canary Islands region are examined with the primary intention of exploring their scaling characteristics as well as their spatial variability in terms of the island's topography and geographical orientation. In particular, the desert dust intrusion regime in the islands is studied in terms of its relationship with visibility. Analysis of dust and rainfall events over the archipelago exhibits distributions in time that obey power laws. Results show that the rain process presents a high clustering and irregular pattern on short timescales and a more scattered structure for long ones. In contrast, dustiness presents a more uniform and dense structure and, consequently, a more persistent behaviour on short timescales. It was observed that the fractal dimension of rainfall events shows an important spatial variability, which increases with altitude, as well as towards northern latitudes and western longitudes.

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