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Volume 24, issue 4 | Copyright

Special issue: Nonlinear Waves and Chaos

Nonlin. Processes Geophys., 24, 745-750, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 15 Dec 2017

Research article | 15 Dec 2017

Satellite drag effects due to uplifted oxygen neutrals during super magnetic storms

Gurbax S. Lakhina and Bruce T. Tsurutani
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Comment on "Storming the Bastille: the effect of electric fields on the ionospheric F-layer" by Rishbeth et al. (2010)
B. T. Tsurutani, A. J. Mannuccci, O. P. Verkhoglyadova, and G. S. Lakhina
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Subject: Time Series, Complex Networks, Stochastic Processes, Extreme Events | Topic: Ionosphere, Magnetosphere, Planetary Science, Solar Science
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Cited articles
Appleton, E. V.: Two anomalies in the ionosphere, Nature, 157, 691, 1946.
Bailey, G. J. and Balan, N.: A low-latitude ionosphere-plasmasphere model, in: STEP: Handbook of Ionospheric Models, edited by: Schunk, R. W., Utah State Univ., Logan, Utah, p. 173, 1996.
Baron, M. J. and Wand, R. H.: F region ion temperature enhancements resulting from Joule heating, J. Geophys. Res., 88, 4114–4118, 1983.
Basu, S., Basu, S., Groves, K. M., Yeh, H.-C., Su, S.-Y., Rich, F. J., Sultan, P. J., and Keskinen, M. J.: Response of the equatorial ionosphere in the south Atlantic region to the great magnetic Storm of July 15, 2000, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 3577–3580, 2001.
Basu, S., Basu, S., Rich, F. J., Groves, K. M., MacKenzie, E., Coker, C., Sahai, Y., Fagundes, P. R., and Becker-Guedes, F.: Response of the equatorial ionosphere at dusk to penetration electric fields during intense magnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 112, A08308,, 2007.
Publications Copernicus
Special issue
Short summary
A preliminary estimate of the drag force per unit mass on typical low-Earth-orbiting satellites moving through the ionosphere during Carrington-type super magnetic storms is calculated by a simple first-order model which takes into account the ion-neutral drag between the upward-moving oxygen ions and O neutral atoms. It is shown that oxygen ions and atoms can be uplifted to 850 km altitude, where they produce about 40 times more satellite drag per unit mass than normal.
A preliminary estimate of the drag force per unit mass on typical low-Earth-orbiting satellites...